#OlotMésB: Local participation meets technical expertise

By Erin Johnson and Paisaje Transversal



In 2014, we embarked upon a project in Olot, a city of around 35,000 inhabitants in Catalonia situated 50km from Girona.We were initially contacted by the Olot municipality at the end of 2013 for a pilot program, and we carried out the project from May 2014 through the end of the year. This project was particularly meaningful to us because through it we were able to fully flesh-out and utilize our Participatory Indicators (InPar).

The municipality wanted to plan and take action in the areas of highest vulnerability, so the neighborhood of Saint Miquel-Les Tries was selected to start. The area had been abandoned in the last decades, losing public space to infrastructure and commercial and industrial uses; this in turn caused rents to drop which attracted a large immigrant population. Thus, the neighborhood suffered from a negative image and was unattractive to many Olot residents. Despite this loss of value of resources in Sant Miquel, there was much value in its location: rich with old industrial spaces that could be taken advantage of for new creative uses, situated along on of the main access points to the city, and nestled between two volcanoes along the Fluviá River which provided tourism opportunities. The mixture of immigrant groups, a network of community associations, and the diversity of buildings and landscape provided a great opportunity for regeneration, enrichment and improved quality of life.

The project took place in two consecutive phases: the first phase from May through July was directed at drafting a participatory diagnostic –identifying problems and urban, social, economic and environmental potential; the second phase was to start at the end of the summer, serving to define distinct actions of improvement, study temporary programming able to be tested and evaluated, and guarantee programming viability for the future. 



To start, we had to address the problem of defining proposals and validating citizens – which comes first? How do we make sure that actions are adapted to the needs of the citizenry? How can we guarantee that citizen proposals that develop from the process are technically and economically feasible and viable? To these questions, emerged a proposal to combine these two – participatory process and technical expertise for analysis and viability – in a way that was mutually supportive, blurring the lines between local knowledge and technical knowledge to unite them both. We built a process that was intersectional (between disciplines and government departments that would need to work together and coordinate to reach common solutions) and participatory (to foster participation from the residents of each neighborhood to identify problems, establish priorities, and work out solutions). Through this process, we would generate dynamics of co-responsibility for making the city between citizens, experts, politicians, and cultural and business sectors.

We held the first presentation in May with participation from residents, associations, experts, and government representatives. Over the following weeks, a variety of activities took place to spur participation. First was an exercise with a large 3D model of the neighborhood for residents to share important aspects of the past and present, and what they want for the future of the neighborhood. Beyond activity participation, we were also able to engage the community by enlisting the help of local companies to construct the model and 3D print the figurines. The activity was meant to be an informative, fun, and engaging activity, to help draw out community values and what they saw as the most important improvements necessary. Improvements were categorized into themes: the relationship of the neighborhood with the rest of the city, mobility and access, public and open space, and socio-economic activity. A later activity involved posters with panels for each of the four themes where people could leave their opinions (distributed at locations around the neighborhood) and this was also adapted digitally on the web – making it as accessible as possible for whoever wanted to participate and share.

With involving the residents in the changes that would take place in their neighborhood as an objective, it was important to have a space that made the process visible, inform residents about the progress, and to act as a reference point for the project. To that end, we made an exhibit in an old fish shop in the neighborhood with project information that would stay open until the end of the pilot project at the end of the year. This space was then also able to be utilized for workshops and other activities. 



The next exercise was collaborative mapping based on a series neighborhood walks followed by workshops. First, we visited spaces relevant to improving the neighborhood – underutilized or unused lots that could be an opportunity or potential for development to serve the neighborhood needs. Once we identified key spaces in the neighborhood, we held workshops to identify resources and needs of residents and associations. This first mapping exercise focused on understanding the urban space (axes of connection, access, discontinuous pedestrian streets, free and underutilized lots, access to natural spaces and public spaces) and the second focused on the natural environment of the neighborhood. For the second, we collaborated with two environmental groups for a walk down the paths along the volcanoes and the river. These walking and mapping exercises contributed to understanding the resources of the neighborhood and a more complete understanding of the area.

With a large youth population in the area, we also wanted to ensure they had opportunities to participate and share their opinions. So we designed materials with kids in mind for two activities: one for kids up to age 12 and one for high-schoolers and partnered with local schools to carry out these activities.

The final stage of the first phase was applying InPar: a technical analysis based on calculations from a series of indicators to provide a quantitative value to the status of Sant Miquel. Using reports from the various sectors involved on functional, environmental, social, and economic aspects of the neighborhood, we filled in and analyzed quantitative data, along with qualitative data garnered from citizen involvement. We had used parts of the tool in previous projects, but #OlotMesB was the first time using it in full. Through this process, we identified strengths and weaknesses, and differences and conflicts between the technical analysis by experts and resident perceptions. The results of InPar were then put into a document utilized to guide the rest of the project, defining objectives and roles and developing Strategic Themes to advance to Phase 2



Moving on to Phase 2, the focus was oriented towards prioritization, construction, collaboration, and visibilization of proposals for temporary activations of disused spaces which we developed along two complementary yet distinct lines of strategy:
1- Sant Miquel as a nicer, more livable neighborhood (better quality public spaces, rich landscape, local businesses, walkable) though improved green spaces, public spaces for coexistence, reviving of sociocultural and educational groups, and improved pedestrian mobility.

2. Sant Miquel as an active and attractive neighborhood with character, appealing to visitors, through valuing the neighborhood’s idiosyncrasies as an entry point to Olot, connected to natural park, home to an art school and diverse economic activity, and with an interesting public heritage.

One of the temporary activations, associated with the first strategy, was a tactical intervention to beautify Plaza Sant Miquel that improved its urban image and would give it value as a space of great importance to the neighborhood. The other was an activation of Girona Avenue as an axis of access and of activity through graphic signage. Both interventions were done in collaboration with local art and design groups, which were key relationships to establish for the future.

Though the focus of Phase 2 was different from Phase 1, the processes remained participatory and interdisciplinary. The two temporary interventions were selected out of collaborative workshops we hosted with interested parties from the community to share and validate 46 initial proposals that emerged from an interdepartmental work session of more than 25 experts from nine different municipal bodies. Through two consecutive work sessions addressing different types of proposals and employing shared decision-making, we moved from ideation to development of proposals to prioritization based on impact and viability. Then we analyzed proposals together – did they work together toward the overall objectives or were they simply isolated interventions? 



Then during the workshop with community members, participants could select which of the proposals were most interesting to them in order to establish priorities and concretize the plan of action. With so many proposals, they were grouped within a series of topics, strategic networks, and points of view to keep it organized and prevent complications.

Through both phases of the project, participatory and transdisciplinary processes remained at the forefront. The opportunity presented to us by the Olot municipality enabled us to employ InPar as a tool to assess qualitative and quantitative data on sustainability indicators and resident opinions. Furthermore, the end result of the pilot was not only low-cost and easy to implement, but also flexible, testable, and adaptable, in line with the philosophy of beta permanente. The temporary interventions incorporated local knowledge and technical expertise, made the project accessible both during the planning and implementation, and allowed the community to ideate and take action at the same time.


We are available in english too!

To read more posts in english on Paisaje Transversal blog, follow this link: http://bit.ly/PT_English



Image credits:

Image 01: 3D model 
of the neighborhood (font: Paisaje Transversal)
Image 02: Poster of the proyect (font: Paisaje Transversal)
Image 03-05: 
different stages and activities in Olot (font: Paisaje Transversal)

No hay comentarios:

CONTENIDOS

#BancosAtocha #Churruca15 #cities4youth #createdestruct #DebatesUrbanos #DigitalMX #EgiaMapa #InnovaciónCiudadana #Meetcommons #OlotMésB #OpenUrbanLab #P2PWikiSprint #PiensaSol #SEMGetxo #SmartcitizensCC #UrbanCommerce #Vota11plazas #Wikilovesmonuments 15M A Coruña AC Etsam Accesibilidad Activando Espacios Ada Colau Adam Majó Advocacy Planning AGE Agora2015DSS Agricultura Agrupaciones de Arquitectos Urbanistas Airbnb Alcalá de Guadaíra Alcalá de Henares Alcobendas Aldea Digital Alfafar Alimentación Alquiler social Amasté Ambilly Análisis Análisis Urbano Andar Andrés Walliser Applied Aprendizaje Aprendizaje colectivo Aragón Aranjuez ArchDaily Arganzuela Arquia arquitectespelpaisatge Arquitectura Arquitectura Bioclimática Arquitectura social Arquitecturas Colectivas Arte Arte Urbano ASA Assemble Astra Gernika Asturias Attac Autobarrios Autoconstrucción Autogestión Autonomía Autourbanismo Auzoetxe Avanti Avanti Ávila Baleares Barcelona Basurama BAT Bernardo Gutiérrez Bernardo Secchi Bicicleta BiciMAD BID Bien común Bienal de Paisaje Rural Big Data Bilbao Blog Boa Mistura Bottom up Brasil Buen Vivir Burbuja Inmobiliaria Burgos C4C Calles Completas Cambio climático Cambio de época Camiños Seguros Canalejas Cañada Real CarpeVia Cartagena Cartas de Navegación Urbana CARTO Cartografías y Mapas Casa de Campo Castilla La Mancha Castilla y León Cataluña Cazorla CENTAC CentroCentro Chamartín Circe City Making Cityfollowers Ciudad Ciudad 2.0 Ciudad compacta Ciudad Deseada Ciudad Discreta Ciudad Marca Ciudad Paramétrica ciudad real Ciudad sensible Ciudad Sostenible Ciudadanía digital Ciudades Emocionales Ciutat Orgànica Club de Debates Urbanos COAM Cocreación Código Abierto Codiseño Cogestión Cohesión Social Cohousing ColaBoraBora Colectivos Colombia Comandante Tom Comercio Común Conama CONAMA 2012 Concursos Condiciones Metropolitanas Contemporáneas Conecta3 Conectividad Conferencias Congresos Consol Prados Contaminación Cooperación Internacional CooperaGava Copyleft Córdoba LUZe Covivienda Creando Redes Creatividad Social Crisis Crónicas Crowdfunding CSOA La Morada Cultura Cultura Libre Cumpleaños en el bloque Cunctatio Cursos y formación Daniel Ferrer DataViz Debates Democracia desarrollismo Desarrollo Urbano Sostenible Descargas Desequilibrio Desigualdad Destrucción Creativa Día Mundial del Hábitat Diagnóstico Diamantina Dimas García Moreno Dinamización económica Diseño Diseño Colaborativo Diseño Urbano Diversificación DIY DMH2013 Do It Yourself Documentos Domenico di Siena Donostia DOT_Euskadi DPR Barcelona Ecología Ecología Urbana Economía Economía social Ecuador Edificio España Edificios públicos vacíos Eduardo Mangada Eduardo Serrano Educación Educación Expandida EDUSI EDUSIOlot EDUSIZGZ Edward Soja Eficiencia energética Eginbook El campo de la cebada El Escorial El Paseo de Jane Empoderamiento Empresa English Enrique Bardají Entorno Natural Entrevistas EQUIciuDAD Equipo de Redacción Ergosfera Erin Johnson Espacio Espacio Comunitario Espacio Público ESPACIOS Espacios de batalla Espalet España España Creativa Especulación Estados Unidos Estudio Ethel Baraona ETSAM Europa European Green Capital 2012 Euskadi Euskara Eva Morales Eventos Expediciones Experiencias Exposiciones Extremadura Fab Lab Fabricación digital Federico Soriano Financiación colectiva Fluxus Fotografía Francesco Careri Francia FRAVM Fuencarral-El Pardo Fuenlabrada Galicia Gavà GBCe Gehl Architects Género Gentrificación Geografía Georges Perec Gestión Comunitaria Getxo Girona Glocal Gobernanza Graffiti Graffitiaccion GTR Guadalmedina Habitabilidad básica Habitat Hábitat III Habitat3 hACERIA Hangout HarineraZGZ Hécate Hécate Ingenieria Herramientas Digitales Hipotecas Hiria Kolektiboa Holanda Huertos urbanos Huesca Iberoamérica Ibiza ICC Iconoclasistas Idensitat IGOP Imagina un Bulevar Improvistos Increasis Indicadores Indicadores Participativos Índice de Necesidades de Regeneración Infraestructuras Innovación Innovación Ciudadana innovación social Innovación Urbana InPar INR Institucionalización INTA Inteligencia Ciudadana Inteligencia Colectiva Interdepartamentalidad Intermediae Internet Investigación Irekia Isabel Martin Ruíz Izaskun Chinchilla Jane Jacobs Javier Burón Javier Puldain Jazar Joan Subirats Jordi Borja Jornadas Jornet Llop Pastor José Fariña José María Ezquiaga José María Romero Juan Murillo Juanma Murua Juego Jueves de Churruca Julián Salas La Casa Invisible La Liminal Laboratorios Ciudadanos Laboratorios Ciudadanos Abiertos Laboratorios Urbanos Abiertos lacasinegra Lacol LAG_Euskadi LandLab Las Rozas Las Vegas Latinoamérica Lavapiés Lecturas Demoscópicas LeerMadrid Lefevbre Left Hand Rotation León 11 Locales comerciales vacíos Logística Los Madriles Los Pirineos LOTP-CLM Lurraldea2040 LurraldeBizia Madrid Madrid Think Tank Málaga Malasaña Manresa Manu Fernández Manuela Carmena Mapeo colectivo Mappe Marea Verde Marina Blázquez Mario Gaviria Matadero Madrid MCAS Medialab-Prado Medio Ambiente Melilla Mercado de Legazpi Metodología Metodología DCP México Mi Ciudad AC2 Microurbanismo Mientras tanto Miguel Jaenicke MiraQueLindo Miriam García Montenoso Movilidad Movilidad urbana sostenible Mujeres Multidisciplinaridad Murcia n´UNDO Nación Rotonda Naciones Unidas Náquera Naquerant Espais Negociación Urbana Nociones Comunes Noticias Nueva Agenda Urbana Nueva York Observatorio Panamericano Ocio Okupación Olot Ontinyent ONU Open Data Open Government Open Source Opensource Operación Chamartín Operación Madrid nuevo norte OPPTA Orba Ordenación del territorio Ordenanzas Oviedo P2P Paco Gómez Paco González PAH Paisaje Paisaje Transversal Paisaje Urbano Papers57 París Parque Regional ParqueJH Participación Ciudadana Participación Digital Pasear Paseos Ciudadanos Paseos-Fuencarral Patio Maravillas Patrimonio Peatón PECAM Pedagogía Urbana Pedro Bravo Periferia Perspectiva integral Perú Peter Hall Philadelphia PIAM Piensa Madrid PIER Pierobon Pinto PintoPlanCiudad PKMN Placemaking Planeamiento urbano Planes de Barrio Planes estratégicos PlanHUCA planificación territorial Planur-e PLAYday PNU Políticas Urbanas POLURB 2015 Porfolio post-car city Postmetrópolis PPS Pradogrande Precariedad Premio Privatizaciones Procesos de Negociación Urbana Procesos Participativos Procomún Producción Psicología Ambiental PTP-Bilbao Publicaciones Puente de Vallecas Puerta del Sol Punt Sis Quito Rafael Mata Ramiro Aznar Ramón López de Lucio Reactivación comercial Reciclaje Recife Red de Espacios Ciudadanos Red Viaria Redes reequilibrio territorial Referencias Reflexiones Regeneración Urbana Regeneración Urbana Integral Rehabilitación Rehabitat Renovación Renovación Integral resilencia Resiliencia Revitalización Comercial Revolución Urbana Rio Grande Rio Grande o diamante da cidade Rivas Vaciamadrid Rueda y Vega Arquitectos Rural Rusia Salud urbana San Blas Sant Miquel Sao Paulo Saskia Sassen SEGIB Segovia Seguridad Semana de la Arquitectura Sentient city Seres Urbanos Sevilla SIG Sigüenza Sindicato de Arquitectos Sinergia Sostenible Sistemas de Información Geográfica Sito Veracuz Smart cities Smartcitizens SmartcitizensMX SmartZGZ Sociología Sostenibilidad Sprawl Stakeholders State of Power Stepienybarno Stop Depredación Storify Streaming Superilles Tabakalera Taller de Casquería Talleres Talleres de trabajo Tecnalia TED TEDxMadrid Tenerife Terrazas Territorio Tetuán Think Cities Think Commons TIC Todo por la Praxis Toledo Torrelodones Traficantes de Sueños Transdisciplinariedad TRANSFORMINGMADRID Tránsit Triball Triple Dimensión Trujillo Turismo Turismo Sostenible Turismofobia Turistificación TXT Espacio Público UEM UIMP undoestudio Unió de Cooperadors Universidad Universidad Complutense de Madrid Universidad Europea de Madrid UPM UPV URBACT Urban Networks Urban Sustainable Development Urbana URBANBAT Urbania ZH Urbanismo Urbanismo Adaptativo Urbanismo Emergente Urbanismo Inclusivo Urbanismo P2P Urbanismo participativo Urbanismo social Urbanismo Táctico Urbanismo Verde URJC Vacíos Urbanos Valencia Valladolid VdB Vecinos VIC Vídeos Villaverde Virgen de Begoña Visualización de datos Vitoria-Gasteiz Vivienda Viviendas vacías Vulnerabilidad Wayfinding WebPT Wikimedia Wikisprint WSB14 Zaida Muxí Zaragoza Zaragoza Open City 2020 Zaramari ZAWP Zinc Shower Zuloark ZZZINC


Este blog funciona bajo una licencia Creative Commons Reconomiento-NoComercial 3.0
Desarrollado con Blogger por Paisaje Transversal