#HarineraZGZ: New models of urban management through the commons

By Susana de Zárraga and Paisaje Transversal


Between September and December 2014 Paisaje Transversal participated in the #HarineraZGZ process in Zaragoza, the capital city of the Aragon region in Spain. The project aims to create a participatory process to manage a new open and cultural space being the main goal to determine the management model for this new creative space set in Harinera, the emblematic industrial building located in the San Jose neighbourhood. The old factory was restored to provide the city with a new public cultural urban equipment to become a referent for already existing and future creative spaces. Citizen enrolment was key for the process, as the newly created space was conceived to achieve a community self-management status at some point.

When the project started in September 2014 as an effort to give a new use to the old Harinera, the building had been shut for several years. San José, located in the south side of Zaragoza, was traditionally an agriculture-based economy neighbourhood that was rapidly transformed into an industrial district. The Harinera building, is one of the few remaining examples -such as the Zaragozana beer factory- of the area´s industrial past. The building was completed in the XVIII century, at first it worked as mill and then it was used to process flour until its closure in 2011. Left unattended over time, many neighbourhood associations directed their efforts to provide the building with a second life as a creative space. This new cultural centre was conceived to boost civic participation and to empower urban transformation through creativity and culture.

The process followed some of the current trends in urban planning which revolve around the importance of granting a second use to the empty buildings in the urban structure by transforming them into new cultural nodes that improve citizen access to public cultural spaces. A project like  Harinera, is meant to contribute to the construction of a stronger public cultural scene in the city; to the construction of a network that will configure a system of creative spaces supported by community involvement; and to the construction of a space that can act as a referent in this field. The engagement of the community was crucial, since people tend to take care only for whatever they feel like their own. Therefore, making sure that citizens were part of the management and care of these new spaces would help to build communities deeply involved with the project in the upcoming years.

The project was born as an initiative by Zaragoza Cultural Association, a local commercial enterprise associated to Zaragoza´s City Hall. This association is dedicated to cultural activities, such as expositions, festivities, concerts or publications among others. Paisaje Transversal, with Elvira López, a local architect and Idema, a Zaragoza based company, were selected in a public contest to collaborate throughout the process of defining which management model would fit the initiative in the best way. The goal was to set up an action plan, that will lead the development of  #HarineraZGZ process.

The Zaragoza Cultural Association got involved in this project following the concerns of many neighbours from the San Jose area. Harinera was one of the numerous empty buildings in the neighbourhood, fact that motivated many local associations and neighbours to urge the local government into developing a conservation plan for this historical building. Simultaneously, they asked for the space to be provided with some sort of cultural use. Following these demands, on May 2014 the local government approved the first draft to provide a new life path for the Harinera. The document, written by Zaragoza Cultural, sketched the first concepts about the new cultural equipment to promote the increase of community participation in their neighbourhood and city transformation processes.

Paisaje Transversal and their collaborators worked initially to define the uses and activities that Harinera would host. It was important to detail a management model that would suit a space of these singular characteristics. In a parallel effort, through September of the same year, the physical renovation of the building started under the supervision of the architect Teófilo Martinez.

One of the decisive and distinctive aspects of the process was designing this management model based on citizen participation. Defining not only the most appropriate use for the space but figuring out the best way to operate this use within the space, was one of the main ambitions. In the early phases several meetings were arranged to establish a first contact between the neighbours and some of San Jose’s neighbourhood associations. Besides these exchanges, the meetings contributed to set up various social media profiles as it was vital to keep the project as visible as possible. To serve this purpose Facebook and Twitter profiles were created, since these ways of communication were crucial for allowing an easier way of participation and communication with any person interested on being part of the initiative. Besides the Facebook and Twitter profiles, a blog was created to provide another platform for further exposure to the process. Simultaneously, the early approaches with Cultural and Social Associations from Zaragoza occurred, more than 150 associations were contacted through email, and some meetings were hosted during the month of October. Among the representatives of these organizations, a diverse group of professionals was selected.

The meetings lasted throughout the entire process. Meanwhile, the strategy was configured under the starting concept that the project’s success deeply relied on the capacity to bring people’s attention and to encourage their involvement in the process. The project was structured through four fundamental instruments: participative workshops, two intersecting work lines, a core group and the different social media profiles.

The core group was configured mixing different social profiles and had the mission of driving and directing the process from the Citizens’ perception. Professionals related to the arts, photography, environmental protection, creative reusing, theatre, dance and urban art were selected with some of Zaragoza’s cultural agents and various representatives of the neighbourhood. This diverse core group helped to define the character of the new space and decided some of the main goals to be achieved. Weekly meetings were established as the easiest and most effective way to operate. These meetings were open, as the group itself, any person interested could get on board or leave at any time. The core group proved its efficiency crafting a participative process that became a key piece of the project. Citizen participation was fundamental to build a sense of community; the exchanges and the involvement of all these participants helped to walk away from personal interests in favour of a greater good.

Besides the core group, the participatory workshops were a fundamental instrument. During the entire process, three participative workshops took place with the goal of defining some key aspects of the future space and its management. Three entertaining as well as didactic activities were coordinated. These activities revolved around the same concept, citizen involvement, as the participative process was the only option to define the role of the space within the community.

The first of these workshops was Imaginacción (that would translate into something like imaginaction, this is imagination plus action) which versed about the character of Harinera. It focused on determining uses and options for the event calendar. Imaginacción was followed by Reciclacción (as before, a word game between recycle and action). The workshops were open to the public, trying to reinforce citizen engagement. During Reciclacción people were in contact with some appropriation of the space techniques. The activity concentrated on topics such as how citizens can use the space, how to configure it through creative actions and how to implement recycling and collaborative design to build stronger relationships in the community.

Last but not least, was the Jardinacción workshop (a word game between garden and action). This particularly one took place in the Jardin de la Memoria, The Garden Of Memory. The goal was to improve the quality of this green space using “do it yourself” techniques and creative recycling. It was organized collaboratively between Paisaje Transversal and Todo por la Praxis Collective. It was also the first activity run by the #ColectivoLlámaloH, name used to refer to the process that tried to define the uses and calendar of Harinera on social media. Jardinacción was a breaking point to achieve the self-community management of the space as soon as possible.

As abovementioned, the project was developed through two different working lines. The first focused on the management model developed by the agents of the core group. The timeline of the management model implied that the model would evolve to respond to the needs of the community, as they would change over time. The goal was to achieve a state of self-management where these needs would be answered based on the skills of the same community at all times. On the other hand, the second work line was based on broadcasting. It was crucial to assure the presence of the project in the media. The main idea was to set an example not just in Spain, but even in the international scene. It was fundamental to take advantage of the possibilities of the old industrial space and the opportunities of the participative process. However, any participatory process has limitations: it is a complex operation, that requires a huge effort; due to the fact that getting so many parties involved many times conclude in many back and forwards. At the same time, it is important to consider the ambitions that have driven this particularly project. #HarineraZGZ is a precursor process in Spain and it would be a good experiment to exemplify the possibilities and the weak spots for a self-management model run by the community.

To preserve at all times the distinctive character of Harinera, the boundaries of the management model were set up. Harinera will be a creative space differentiated from any other public equipment of the city. Its principles were established; first of all, the Harinera would be an equipment not just for the San Jose neighbourhood, but for the whole city. It would be a space for production and action; not a place just for theoretical thinking. Anyone could participate, no matter their background or their field of work. People would be vital in the space development that would make culture accessible to everyone as a first step to get people involved in transforming their society and environment. A last effort was taken to try to make a strong and independent collective that could work independently of the political parties elected for the local government.

This project is the outcome of the addition of many collective efforts. Harinera is the result of plenty of initiatives that have concluded in providing Zaragoza with a social based cultural space. The Harinera will reinforce the already existing cultural network in the city helping to build other community managed spaces. Harinera is the catalyst and its goal is to build a stronger social network though its participative process and encouraging people to get involved in the cultural scene breaking any social, generational or gender barriers


Susana de Zarraga holds a Bachelor and Master of Architecture and Design from the Polytechnic University of Madrid. She has completed specializations in both, Conservation and Restoration of Architecture Heritage and Building Techniques and Technology fields. Currently, she works for a Manifold Architecture Studio, a Brooklyn based office

Paisaje Transversal is an Urban Planning and Urban Innovation Office.  We coordinate, design and advise innovative city and territory analysis through the core principles of transdisciplinarity, citizen engagement, urban ecology and digital tools exploit: http://paisajetransversal.com/




We are alvailable in english too!

To read more posts in english on Paisaje Transversal blog, follow this link: http://bit.ly/PT_English



Image credits:
Image 01-03: Harinera ZGZ (source: Chabi Foto)

No hay comentarios:

CONTENIDOS

#BancosAtocha #Churruca15 #cities4youth #createdestruct #DebatesUrbanos #DigitalMX #EgiaMapa #InnovaciónCiudadana #Meetcommons #OlotMésB #OpenUrbanLab #P2PWikiSprint #PiensaSol #SEMGetxo #SmartcitizensCC #UrbanCommerce #Wikilovesmonuments 15M A Coruña AC Etsam Accesibilidad Activando Espacios Ada Colau Advocacy Planning Agora2015DSS Agricultura Agrupaciones de Arquitectos Urbanistas Airbnb Alcalá de Guadaíra Alcalá de Henares Alcobendas Aldea Digital Alfafar Alimentación Alquiler social Amasté Ambilly Análisis Análisis Urbano Andar Andrés Walliser Aprendizaje Aprendizaje colectivo Aragón Aranjuez Arganzuela Arquia Arquitectura Arquitectura Bioclimática Arquitectura social Arquitecturas Colectivas Arte Arte Urbano ASA Assemble Astra Gernika Asturias Attac Autobarrios Autoconstrucción Autogestión Autonomía Autourbanismo Auzoetxe Baleares Barcelona Basurama BAT Bernardo Gutiérrez Bernardo Secchi Bicicleta BiciMAD BID Bien común Bienal de Paisaje Rural Big Data Bilbao Blog Boa Mistura Bottom up Brasil Buen Vivir Burbuja Inmobiliaria Burgos C4C Cambio climático Cambio de época Camiños Seguros Canalejas Cañada Real CarpeVia Cartagena Cartas de Navegación Urbana CARTO Cartografías y Mapas Casa de Campo Castilla La Mancha Cataluña Cazorla CENTAC CentroCentro Circe City Making Cityfollowers Ciudad Ciudad 2.0 Ciudad Deseada Ciudad Discreta Ciudad Marca Ciudad Paramétrica Ciudad sensible Ciudad Sostenible Ciudadanía digital Ciudades Emocionales Ciutat Orgànica Club de Debates Urbanos COAM Cocreación Código Abierto Codiseño Cogestión Cohesión Social Cohousing ColaBoraBora Colectivos Colombia Comandante Tom Comercio Común Conama CONAMA 2012 Concursos Condiciones Metropolitanas Contemporáneas Conectividad Conferencias Congresos Contaminación Cooperación Internacional CooperaGava Copyleft Córdoba LUZe Covivienda Creando Redes Creatividad Social Crisis Crónicas Crowdfunding CSOA La Morada Cultura Cultura Libre Cumpleaños en el bloque Cunctatio Cursos y formación Daniel Ferrer DataViz Debates Democracia Desarrollo Urbano Sostenible Descargas Desigualdad Destrucción Creativa Diagnóstico Diamantina Dinamización económica Diseño Diseño Colaborativo Diseño Urbano Diversificación DIY DMH2013 Do It Yourself Documentos Domenico di Siena Donostia DOT_Euskadi DPR Barcelona Ecología Ecología Urbana Economía Economía social Ecuador Edificio España Edificios públicos vacíos Eduardo Mangada Eduardo Serrano Educación Educación Expandida EDUSI EDUSIOlot EDUSIZGZ Edward Soja Eficiencia energética Eginbook El campo de la cebada El Escorial El Paseo de Jane Empoderamiento Empresa English Entorno Natural Entrevistas EQUIciuDAD Ergosfera Erin Johnson Espacio Espacio Comunitario Espacio Público ESPACIOS Espacios de batalla Espalet España Especulación Estados Unidos Estudio Ethel Baraona ETSAM Europa European Green Capital 2012 Euskadi Euskara Eva Morales Eventos Expediciones Experiencias Exposiciones Extremadura Fab Lab Fabricación digital Federico Soriano Financiación colectiva Fluxus Fotografía Francesco Careri Francia FRAVM Fuencarral-El Pardo Fuenlabrada Galicia Gavà GBCe Gehl Architects Género Gentrificación Geografía Georges Perec Gestión Comunitaria Getxo Girona Glocal Gobernanza Graffiti Graffitiaccion GTR Guadalmedina Habitabilidad básica Habitat Hábitat III Habitat3 hACERIA Hangout HarineraZGZ Hécate Hécate Ingenieria Herramientas Digitales Hipotecas Hiria Kolektiboa Holanda Huertos urbanos Huesca Iberoamérica Ibiza ICC Iconoclasistas Idensitat IGOP Imagina un Bulevar Improvistos Increasis Indicadores Indicadores Participativos Infraestructuras Innovación Ciudadana innovación social Innovación Urbana InPar Institucionalización INTA Inteligencia Ciudadana Inteligencia Colectiva Interdepartamentalidad Intermediae Internet Investigación Irekia Isabel Martin Ruíz Izaskun Chinchilla Jane Jacobs Javier Burón Javier Puldain Jazar Joan Subirats Jordi Borja Jornadas Jornet Llop Pastor José Fariña José María Ezquiaga José María Romero Juanma Murua Juego Jueves de Churruca Julián Salas La Casa Invisible La Liminal Laboratorios Ciudadanos Laboratorios Ciudadanos Abiertos Laboratorios Urbanos Abiertos lacasinegra Lacol LAG_Euskadi Las Rozas Las Vegas Latinoamérica Lavapiés Lecturas Demoscópicas Lefevbre Left Hand Rotation León 11 Locales comerciales vacíos Logística Los Madriles Los Pirineos LOTP-CLM Lurraldea2040 LurraldeBizia Madrid Madrid Think Tank Málaga Malasaña Manu Fernández Manuela Carmena Mapeo colectivo Mappe Marea Verde Marina Blázquez Mario Gaviria Matadero Madrid MCAS Medialab-Prado Medio Ambiente Mercado de Legazpi Metodología Metodología DCP México Mi Ciudad AC2 Microurbanismo Mientras tanto Miguel Jaenicke MiraQueLindo Miriam García Montenoso Movilidad Movilidad urbana sostenible Mujeres Multidisciplinaridad Murcia n´UNDO Nación Rotonda Naciones Unidas Náquera Naquerant Espais Negociación Urbana Nociones Comunes Noticias Nueva Agenda Urbana Nueva York Observatorio Panamericano Ocio Okupación Olot Ontinyent ONU Open Data Open Government Open Source Opensource OPPTA Orba Ordenación del territorio Ordenanzas Oviedo P2P Paco Gómez Paco González PAH Paisaje Paisaje Transversal Paisaje Urbano Papers57 París Parque Regional ParqueJH Participación Ciudadana Participación Digital Pasear Paseos Ciudadanos Paseos-Fuencarral Patio Maravillas Patrimonio Peatón PECAM Pedagogía Urbana Pedro Bravo Periferia Perspectiva integral Perú Peter Hall Philadelphia PIAM Piensa Madrid PIER Pierobon Pinto PintoPlanCiudad PKMN Placemaking Planeamiento urbano Planes de Barrio Planes estratégicos PlanHUCA Planur-e PLAYday PNU Políticas Urbanas POLURB 2015 Porfolio Postmetrópolis PPS Premio Privatizaciones Procesos de Negociación Urbana Procesos Participativos Procomún Producción Psicología Ambiental PTP-Bilbao Publicaciones Puente de Vallecas Puerta del Sol Punt Sis Quito Rafael Mata Ramiro Aznar Ramón López de Lucio Reactivación comercial Reciclaje Recife Red de Espacios Ciudadanos Red Viaria Redes Referencias Reflexiones Regeneración Urbana Rehabilitación Rehabitat Renovación Integral Resiliencia Revitalización Comercial Revolución Urbana Rio Grande Rio Grande o diamante da cidade Rivas Vaciamadrid Rural Rusia Salud urbana Sant Miquel Sao Paulo Saskia Sassen SEGIB Segovia Seguridad Sentient city Seres Urbanos Sevilla SIG Sigüenza Sindicato de Arquitectos Sinergia Sostenible Sistemas de Información Geográfica Sito Veracuz Smart cities Smartcitizens SmartcitizensMX SmartZGZ Sociología Sostenibilidad Sprawl Stakeholders State of Power Stepienybarno Stop Depredación Storify Streaming Superilles Tabakalera Taller de Casquería Talleres Talleres de trabajo Tecnalia TED Tenerife Terrazas Territorio Tetuán Think Cities Think Commons TIC Todo por la Praxis Toledo Torrelodones Traficantes de Sueños Transdisciplinariedad TRANSFORMINGMADRID Tránsit Triball Trujillo Turismo Turismo Sostenible Turismofobia Turistificación TXT Espacio Público UEM UIMP undoestudio Unió de Cooperadors Universidad Universidad Complutense de Madrid Universidad Europea de Madrid UPM UPV URBACT Urban Sustainable Development Urbana URBANBAT Urbania ZH Urbanismo Urbanismo Adaptativo Urbanismo Emergente Urbanismo Inclusivo Urbanismo P2P Urbanismo participativo Urbanismo social Urbanismo Táctico URJC Vacíos Urbanos Valencia Valladolid VdB Vecinos VIC Vídeos Villaverde Virgen de Begoña Visualización de datos Vitoria-Gasteiz Vivienda Viviendas vacías Vulnerabilidad WebPT Wikimedia Wikisprint WSB14 Zaida Muxí Zaragoza Zaragoza Open City 2020 Zaramari ZAWP Zinc Shower Zuloark ZZZINC


Este blog funciona bajo una licencia Creative Commons Reconomiento-NoComercial 3.0
Desarrollado con Blogger por Paisaje Transversal